Top 10 Interesting Facts About Mount Kilimanjaro.
Rising majestically above the African plains, the 20,000-foot Mt. Kilimanjaro has beckoned to climbers since the first recorded summit in 1889. Here are interesting facts to help inspire your own future summit:
1. Mount Kilimanjaro is the tallest mountain
Mount Kilimanjaro is the tallest mountain on the African continent and the highest free-standing mountain in the world.
Rather than simply a mountain, Mount Kilimanjaro is actually a stratovolcano, which means that it is a huge volcano. In fact, Mount Kilimanjaro is actually three volcanoes!
2. Kilimanjaro has three volcanic cones
Kilimanjaro has three volcanic cones, Mawenzi, Shira and Kibo. Mawenzi and Shira are extinct but Kibo, the highest peak, is dormant and could erupt again.
Rather than simply a mountain, Mount Kilimanjaro is actually a stratovolcano, which means that it is a huge volcano. In fact, Mount Kilimanjaro is actually three volcanoes
3. Though Mt Kilimanjaro is situated near the equator
Its peak is always covered with snow because it is located at the height of 5,895 meters. The temperature decreases with an increase in height
4. Summit Night on Kilimanjaro
Trekking on Kilimanjaro to summit night on Kilimanjaro Harder Than Anything on the Everest Base Camp Trek. On Kilimanjaro, there are some big descents in a shorter period of time. This can make the trek more physically challenging. The summit night is extremely challenging, no matter how experienced of a trekker you are.
5. What Wild Animals Will I See Climbing Kilimanjaro?
Blue Monkey. The Blue Monkey, also known as the Diademed Monkey, can be found in Kilimanjaro’s rainforest, especially around Big Forest Camp (the first campsite on the Lemosho Route).
- White Necked Raven.
- Colobus Monkey.
- Four Striped Mouse.
- Bush Baby.
6. There are 7 different routes to reach the summit
Even though the achievement of the veterans climbing the mountain is amazing, we need to be honest and mention that climbing the mountain isn’t anything like climbing a mountain in the Himalayas or the Andes Mountains. If you want to climb Mount Kilimanjaro, there are 7 trekking routes to choose from. These all have different names, Lemosho, Lemosho Western-Breach, Machame, Marangu, Mweka, Rongai, Shira, and Umbwe.
7. Kilimanjaro Weather: What To Expect
Snow on Kilimanjaro can occur all year round, but the most common months are November through March.
Kilimanjaro is suitable for beginners; they do very well. The best advice is for everyone to arrive in great shape. Don’t underestimate the climb because you know someone did it who you believe was not fit. Train for the adventure.
At the summit, Uhuru Point, the night time temperatures can range between 20 and -20 degrees Fahrenheit (-7 to -29 degrees Celsius). Due to Mount Kilimanjaro’s great height, the mountain creates it’s own weather.
Trekking on Kilimanjaro: At the end of a long day’s climb, you’ll want to relax, rest, and revitalize for the next day’s trek. So listed below are the food we provide on Kilimanjaro.
Recuperate mind and body in a warm, solar-lit dining tent, and take pleasure in hearty gourmet meals every day.
Nutritionist-designed meals include an optimal balance of complex carbohydrates, protein, and fats.
Vegetarian, vegan, gluten-free, dairy-free, and kosher diets can be accommodated with advance notice.
Unlimited purified drinking water provided daily.
Chefs are trained for preparing hygienic food and aware of allergy safety.
Custom dining tents and comfy chairs included on every trek.
Kilimanjaro Altitude Sickness
About Altitude Sickness. If climbing Mount Kilimanjaro is in your bucket list, then sooner or later you will hear about altitude sickness.
For those who are unknown with the facts of altitude illness, here are the answers to the most common questions regarding mountain sickness.
The definition of altitude
- High Altitude: 1500 – 3500 m (5000 – 11500 ft)
- Very High Altitude: 3500 – 5500 m (11500 – 18000 ft)
- Extreme Altitude: above 5500 m (18000 ft)
- Altitude sickness is various symptoms that can come about when someone ascends to a high altitude too rapidly, without sufficient acclimatization.
- The body can adjust to the reduced air pressure at a higher altitude, but only at a rate of about 300 m (1000 ft) altitude gain per day. If you ascend faster, then you may develop altitude sickness.
There are three main forms of altitude sickness:
- AMS (Acute Mountain Sickness) – very common when climbing Kilimanjaro.
- HAPE (High Altitude Pulmonary Edema)-a fluid buildup in the lungs.
- HACE (High Altitude Cerebral Edema) – a fluid buildup in the brain.
- Both HAPE and HACE are potentially serious but are thankfully extremely rare during a well-planned Trekking on Kilimanjaro.
- There are also other symptoms you are likely to experience during a Kilimanjaro climb due to the altitude. They are considered normal and shouldn’t worry you:
- Breath faster
- Out of breath sooner
- Experiencing periodic breathing at night (where you stop breathing for up to 15 seconds and then breathe very fast to make up for it, scary but harmless)
- Wake up frequently at night
- Urinate a lot more often than usual
A few tips on avoiding altitude sickness
- Keep drinking
- Make sure you eat plenty
- Keep warm
- Keep your day pack light
- Pole pole- Slow and Steady
One of the important fundamentals of a successful summit attempt is being properly equipped. Before make sure that that you are well prepared with everything to help you successfully summit the Roof of Africa. Print the Checklist below and tick it off, this sample piece of the list will be an essential part of your preparation for the climb.
- A valid passport and visa
- The Airline tickets
- health card with immunizations (Yellow fever)
- Travel insurance
- Medical insurance
- US$ cash / Travellers Checks / Credit Card
- Duffel bag – large enough for all climbing gear and clothing. To be carried by the porters. An extra bag to be left at the hotel with extra gear.
- Small luggage lock – to lock zippers
- Day backpack – between 20 – 35 liters. Large enough to carry your water, camera, raincoat, lunch pack, snacks & warm clothing
- Water bottle/containers
- Ski-pole / walking stick
High Altitude Gear
- Waterproof, breathable & windproof jacket
- Waterproof, breathable & windproof pants (outerwear)
- Polar fleece (middle layer)
- Thermal underwear (under layers)
- Mittens or warm gloves
- One pair thermal (polertex) socks
- Hiking pants
- Regular underwear
- Raincoat or Poncho
- Water-resistant semi-stiff hiking boots
- Shoes for overnight camps like sneakers, running shoes, etc.
- Socks – several pairs for the climb
- Liner socks – to keep your feet dry and limit the risk of blisters
- Sun hat or similar (with a brim)
- Collapsible ski stick (optional but highly recommended)
- Water bottles – two or three (total capacity at least 4 liters)
- Headlamp, a good strong one with spare batteries and an extra light bulb
- Water purification tablets
- Sunglasses, good quality dark lenses for the climb, with a securing strap
- Flashlight (torch) with spare batteries
- Toilet kit (soap, toothbrush, toilet articles, wet wipes, etc.)
- Sunscreen and lip protection, SPF 30+
- Ziploc bags, to protect the camera, binoculars, etc. from dust
- Toilet paper
- Money belt for passport and valuables
Medical and First Aid Supplies
- Headache tablets
- Altitude sickness-Diamox (if not allergic to sulpha)
- Diarrhoea – Imodium
- Nausea – Valoid
- Malaria – Prophylaxis
- Water purification tablets
- Muscular sprains
- Abrasions blisters and cuts – Plaster, bandages
- Antiseptic cream – Betadine
- Flu and colds
- Eye drops
- Insect repellent
- Camera, extra lenses and film (ASA 200 film recommended)
- Powdered sports drinks for the climb (ex. Game or Isotonic drinks)
- Plastic bags to keep clothing dry (masking tape)
- Energy snacks and sweets
- Video camera, tapes, battery packs, and tri-pod
Please note: This checklist is only a guideline. We will send you a comprehensive checklist once your booking is confirmed.
Kilimanjaro Best Time to Climb
Kilimajaro is chill all around the year anyway but, if you are combining your trekking on Kilimanjaro with other activities, the days will be warm but the nights and early morning safaris are cold.
January, February and the first half of March are the warmest months, with wonderful clear morning skies and evening, making this very suitable time to climb.
June, July, and August– are the cold months in Tanzania. Although it’s still warm during the day, nights are very cold.
August and September are peak seasons for avoiding busy trails. September is a little quieter and also warmer than August.
Climbs around full moons are very popular for noticeable reasons.
You can experience the rainy season in April and May, which generally means one pretty heavy thunderstorm every day on Trekking on Kilimanjaro. However, even that is not guaranteed and it doesn’t last for hours with most of the rain hitting the coast. So although some people want to avoid this, others embrace it, as rain equates with more solitary slopes.
There is another short rainy season from November to December, although the showers are short but quite refreshing too. October is usually a great time for Trekking on Kilimanjaro & climbing, getting in just before the rains do, but when there are lesser crowds.
Mount Kilimanjaro is the world’s tallest freestanding mountain, so trekkers need to prepare accordingly for trekking on Kilimanjaro. Below are some tips to follow for summiting Kilimanjaro and are as follows:
Walk slower than you ever have before
Get to know the crew
Be sure toenails are cut close
Store your boots in your sleeping bag every night
Make a Kili playlist
Keep things in perspective
Repeat a positive mantra ‘nguvu kama Simba,’ which is Swahili for ‘strong like a lion.’
Start visualizing the summit well before you step foot on the mountain
8. One of the best of the 7 Summits
Mount Kilimanjaro is the outstanding and best of the Seven Summits. With its low elevation of 7,310 ft, gradual slopes, and mild climate it is widely considered the easiest climb on the list. The hike itself is about 5895 meters and can be strenuous, but is more of a scramble hike than a mountain climb.
Mount Kilimanjaro Rank 4 in the Seven Summits
Everest (29,035 feet / 8,850 m) in Asia. Aconcagua (22,829 feet / 6,962 m) in South America. Denali (20,320 feet / 6,190 m) in North America. Kilimanjaro (19,340 feet / 5,895 m) in Africa.
9. Most Popular Marangu Route Has The Lowest Success Rate
As it is one of the shortest routes on the mountain. Marangu Route has the lowest summit success rates. This is mainly because of the unprofessional local tour guides who take groups up the mountain on the shorter 5-day hike. Because of this, the 5-day average success rate is 50%!
10. The Oldest Person To Climb Kilimanjaro Is 89 Years Old
Arizona great-grandmother, Anne Lorimor, has become the oldest person to climb Mount Kilimnajaro (19,341 feet), aged 89! An 89 year old great-grandmother has broken a world record on Mount Kilimanjaro for the second time.
Five years ago, Anne Lorimor of Paradise Valley, Arizona climbed Kilimanjaro to become the oldest woman to do so at age 85.
However, that record was quickly overtaken a few months later by Angela Vorobeva who summited the mountain at age 86. Then in 2017, the world record for the oldest person to climb Kilimanjaro was broken by Dr. Fred Distelhorst, who was 88 years old.
On the morning of July 18, 2019, Lorimor re-claimed her title as the oldest woman and also became the oldest person to climb Kilimanjaro by successfully reaching Uhuru Peak, the summit of Mount Kilimanjaro.
11. Dormant and extinct volcanoes.
Mawenzi and Shira are extinct volcanoes. While Kibo is dormant (meaning it could someday erupt again).
12. Mount Kilimanjaro is located in Tanzania
Mount Kilimanjaro is one of the most famous mountains in the world and is part of the Kilimanjaro National Park in Tanzania, a country in the east of Africa that borders the Indian Ocean.
Mountain is located in the northeast of the country and over 500 kilometers (350 miles) to the northwest from the country’s capital Dar es Salaam.
13. The ice on the mountain is slowly disappearing
Up to about 12,000 years ago, the permanent ice cap of Mount Kilimanjaro was about 400 square kilometers (150 sq mi), down to an elevation of 3,200 meters (10,500 feet).
By the time Hans Meyer made the first ascent to the summit in the late 1880s, only about 20 square kilometers (7.7 sq miles) of the permanent ice cap was left.
Between 1912 and 2011, about 85 percent of the remaining ice cap disappeared, up to just 1.76 square kilometers (0.68 sq miles) and decreasing at a rate of about 2.5 percent.
Luckily, the impact of the permanent ice cap disappearing completely, which is estimated to happen between 2040 and 2060, will be negligible for the people living in the area as the forest in the lower parts of the mountains supply the water.
Interesting fact about Tanzania Safari
Tanzania is the largest country in East Africa with a land area of 945,097 Square Kilometres – comprising both the mainland and the Zanzibar Archipelago. Tanzania is four times the size of Great Britain, seven times larger than England, or a little larger than Texas.
Mount Kilimanjaro is the tallest mountain in Africa
The kiswahili language (Swahili) is the official language of Tanzania
Although Swahili is the official language, there are over 120 languages are spoken in Tanzania, most of them from the Bantu family.
The Serengeti Great Migration
Zanzibar is home to the best beaches in the world
Tarangire National Park Baobab tree- one of nature’s oldest and oddest trees.
Lake Manyara National Park – Home to lion climbing trees, flamingo birds and many initeresting wildlife species.
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